• High Purity ISRIB(trans-isomer) CAS 1597403-47-8
  • High Purity ISRIB(trans-isomer) CAS 1597403-47-8
High Purity ISRIB(trans-isomer) CAS 1597403-47-8
  • Wuhan Hengheda Pharm Co.,Ltd
  • China
  • Immediately after payment
  • 10kg/month

Previously, we identified ISRIB as a potent inhibitor of the integrated stress response (ISR) and showed that ISRIB makes cells resistant to the effects of eIF2α phosphorylation and enhances long-term memory in rodents (Sidrauski et al., 2013). Here, we show by genome-wide in vivo ribosome profiling that translation of a restricted subset of mRNAs is induced upon ISR activation. ISRIB substantially reversed the translational effects elicited by phosphorylation of eIF2α and induced no major changes in translation or mRNA levels in unstressed cells. eIF2α phosphorylation-induced stress granule (SG) formation was blocked by ISRIB. Strikingly, ISRIB addition to stressed cells with pre-formed SGs induced their rapid disassembly, liberating mRNAs into the actively translating pool. Restoration of mRNA translation and modulation of SG dynamics may be an effective treatment of neurodegenerative diseases characterized by eIF2α phosphorylation, SG formation, and cognitive loss.

High Purity ISRIB(trans-isomer) CAS 1597403-47-8

In a study published March 29, 2018 in Science, UCSF biochemist Peter Walter, PhD, and structural biologist Adam Frost, MD, PhD, showed that the drug, ISRIB (pronounced “iz-rib”), acts like a molecular staple, pinning together parts of a much larger protein involved in cellular stress.

The researchers hope the finding will help researchers tailor the drug for use in human clinical trials. “It’s a tremendous technical advance for pharmacology to be able to look in a microscope and see a drug bound to its target,” said Walter, a professor of biochemistry and biophysics and Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI) investigator.

Every cell in our bodies responds to stressors such as viral infections, starvation, and injury by restricting the production of new proteins, which helps keep cells alive by buying them time to recover.

Traumatic brain injury, for example, persistently turns on the cellular stress response, and the resulting drop in protein production may slow critical cognitive processes such as learning and memory, which require brain cells to produce proteins that help create long-lasting connections in the brain.

Previously, Walter’s team discovered that ISRIB (short for “integrated stress response inhibitor”) blocks this aspect of the cellular stress response by enhancing the activity of a protein called eIF2B, which helps keep a key protein production line operating in stressed cells.

Remarkably, a collaboration between Walter and McGill University biochemist Nahum Sonenberg, PhD, found in 2013 that ISRIB enhances learning and memory in mice. In 2017, follow-up work by Walter and UCSF neuroscientist Susanna Rosi, PhD, a professor of physical therapy and rehabilitation sciences and of neurological surgery, showed that ISRIB even restored long-term memory in mice with traumatic brain injury long after the injuries occurred, an effect neurologists had previously considered impossible.

To better understand how ISRIB activates and stabilizes eIF2B, Walter and his colleagues turned to Frost, a leading expert in ultra–high resolution cryo-electron microscopy, to obtain detailed 3D images of ISRIB bound to ten eIF2B components.


ISRIB
Using cryo-electron microscopy, researchers have revealed atomic-level details of the interactions between a brain-boosting experimental drug (propeller-shaped molecule, center) and its target protein, eIF2B. Image credit: J. Tsai et al./Science 2018


The researchers determined that the propeller-shaped ISRIB molecule fits snugly into a pocket deep inside eIF2B where it holds together two identical subcomplexes of the larger protein. The researchers demonstrated that this stabilizes elF2B and helps it maintain protein production in the face of cellular stress.

"Seeing this drug bound to its intended human protein target at atomic resolution was mind-blowing," said Frost, an assistant professor of biochemistry and biophysics at UCSF. "The atomic-level structure also revealed a fascinating symmetry mismatch between the drug and the target, which could inspire new strategies for future drug designs."

UCSF has licensed ISRIB to Calico, a company founded by Alphabet, Google’s parent company, to research potential applications to combat aging. Knowing how ISRIB stabilizes elF2B may help Calico researchers and other collaborators tailor even more effective next-generation drugs against neurodegeneration and traumatic brain injury.

But Walter envisions future iterations of the drug being used to combat many different diseases linked to cellular stress, including cancer.

“This work shows how basic research can become a foundation for important clinical discoveries,” Walter said. “Our lab is entirely focused on understanding the fundamentals of how cells work. The connection to neurology and other diseases is entirely and delightfully serendipitous.”


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